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Using LEIP

Once you have installed the LEIP SDK you are ready to start optimizing your model.

The following guide will help you get familiar with the SDK and some of its core features. The SDK also provides access to the Latent AI model zoo with sample models and scripts to help get you on your way. If you need further assistance, please contact

The following guide will assume you are running the LEIP SDK container and will reference examples and files installed inside this container.

Preparing a Model

It is highly recommended that you get started with the SDK by first running through a sample model from the Latent AI Model Zoo. This will help you get familiarized with the SDK and ensure you can successfully run through the LEIP workflow from start to finish. However, when using your own trained model please refer to the Supportability Matrix to verify it meets the model requirements.

The following example will use a model from the Latent AI Model Zoo.

Selecting a zoo model

Use the leip zoo list command to query the available models and datasets. You’ll notice that each model includes a model_id and variant_id; you’ll need to pass those values from the model you choose to the leip zoo download command in the next step.

# List available models and datasets
leip zoo list

The following command uses the inceptionv3 model and keras-open-images-10-classes variant.

Downloading a zoo model

Once you have the model_id and variant_id you can download an un-frozen model to the local workspace by running the leip zoo download command. Again, this information was obtained from output of the leip zoo list command.

# download the model variant to our local workspace
leip zoo download --model_id inceptionv3 --variant_id keras-open-images-10-classes

# notice the directory structure and contents
ls workspace/models/inceptionv3/keras-open-images-10-classes/

# The model weights and class names
class_names.txt  model.h5  model_schema.json

# The model_schema.json tracks common model attributes
cat  workspace/models/inceptionv3/keras-open-images-10-classes/model_schema.json
    "dataset": "custom",
    "input_names": "input_1",
    "input_shapes": "1,224,224,3",
    "output_names": "dense/Softmax",
    "preprocessor": "imagenet",
    "task": "classifier"

Downloading a zoo dataset

We will also need the dataset, which for this model is the open-images-10-classes:

# Download the evaluation dataset
leip zoo download --dataset_id open-images-10-classes --variant_id eval

# All downloads are saved to your workspace
ls workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/

Please see the LEIP Zoo section for more detailed information about accessing and using zoo models and datasets.

Using LEIP Optimize

LEIP Optimize is a state-of-the-art model optimizer that applies post-quantization algorithms to a model and produces a binary representation based on the target specified by the user. The binary is in the form of a shared object file which is loaded into a small runtime for its execution.

Run leip optimize --help command to obtain the supported options, or view the CLI Reference for LEIP Optimize.

The following example uses asymmetric quantization at 8 bits with a target data type of uint8, and saves the output model to an optimizedModel folder. A calibration is done using files specified in a rep_dataset.txt file. The original model is left untouched.

# Create a representative dataset file, in this case with one example item
echo workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/Apple/06e47f3aa0036947.jpg > rep_dataset.txt

# Using the previously downloaded inceptionv3 instance, optimize the model
leip optimize --input_path workspace/models/inceptionv3/keras-open-images-10-classes \
              --output_path optimizedModel/ \
              --quantizer asymmetric \
              --bits 8 \
              --data_type uint8 \
              --rep_dataset rep_dataset.txt \
              --preprocessor imagenet

# After a few minutes, LEIP optimize will complete the process
ls optimizedModel/  model_schema.json  results.json

The command line arguments are documented in LEIP Optimize, but it is worth noting how they are being used here in this example:

  • The --data_type is set to uint8 to tell leip optimize to cast the tensors to 8-bit integer representation.

  • During the casting, a file containing the newline-separated paths to sample input files, comprising what is known as the “representative dataset”, is supplied with the --rep_dataset option. This tells leip optimize to use this input file to run inference on the model to gather the quantization parameters for output tensors. A random image from the dataset that was downloaded above was used here, but in practice the representative dataset file does not need to be from the training or test dataset.

  • Finally, the --preprocessor option specifies the preprocessor callback function name to use during the inference on the representative dataset file.

After the leip optimize command is run, the folder specified by --output_path will now contain an 8-bit integer version of the model in the form of a shared object file (.so). In this file, both the parameters and operations are integer typed.

Using LEIP Evaluate

You can use LEIP to evaluate the accuracy of a model given a dataset, and specifying class names and batch size. Run leip evaluate --help command to obtain the supported options.

The evaluate command is useful to compare the accuracy of a model at different points in the pipeline. For example, you can evaluate the accuracy of the model before and after running optimize. The following example illustrates this:

In this example, let’s compare the results of the original inceptionv3 model and then the optimized inceptionv3 model, trained on our OpenImages dataset.

# Evaluate the original model and note the results
leip evaluate --input_path workspace/models/inceptionv3/keras-open-images-10-classes/ \
              --test_path workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/index.txt \
              --class_names workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/class_names.txt \
              --preprocessor imagenet

# Run evaluate again, this time on the previously optimized model, and note the results
leip evaluate --input_path optimizedModel/ \
              --test_path workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/index.txt \
              --class_names workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/class_names.txt \
              --preprocessor uint8

More information about leip evaluate is documented here.

Using LEIP Run

You can use the leip run command to run inference on a single sample through the specified model. Please run leip run --help command to obtain the full list of supported options.

# Use the run command to run a single inference test
leip run --input_path workspace/models/inceptionv3/keras-open-images-10-classes/ \
         --test_path workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/Apple/0ef341dfb802eff1.jpg \
         --class_names workspace/datasets/open-images-10-classes/eval/class_names.txt


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